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The Science of Color in Permanent Makeup

The Science of Color in Permanent Makeup

The realm of permanent makeup and cosmetic tattooing has slowly become a popular choice for those who want to reach their beauty goals. Before going under the needle, however, potential customers are curious regarding how exactly permanent makeup works and how these colors are made to match and compliment natural complexion. Oftentimes, customers have questions such as “How do I correct the color of an eyebrow?” or “Why do some people say this is a warm color and others say it’s a cool color?” Fortunately for you, we discuss the ways in which permanent makeup is able to manipulate colors to settle in your skin. Let’s take a look at the science behind this method! 

How Skin Color Influences the Healed Color

The Undertone

Skin undertone usually refers to colors that come through your skin from underneath your surface to affect its overall hue. This is important to consider when thinking about getting eyebrows and lips done with a semi-permanent shade of color. The undertone is infamous for carrying large amounts of melanin. Melanin can make an individual’s skin tone appear to be yellow, reddish, brown, black, or a greyish, coal-like color depending on how deep the melanin lies within the dermis. 

Undertone can add color to the final healed color of the tattoo from beneath, surrounding areas, and above the tattoo pigment, which ultimately allows the target of permanent makeup to stand out even more. This is due to the fact that the more saturation of the tattoo pigment, the less likely the skin undertones will contrast on the healed color of the permanent makeup. Naturally, the skin undertone will achieve more influence over the tattooed pigment if and when it begins to fade. 

The Outer tone

The outermost layer of the skin is the top layer and often carries the most dead skin. This is important to consider as dead skin can easily be removed from this layer, meaning tones can change. Melanin within the cells of the epidermis tends to extract yellow, reddish, brown, and black hues from the dermis to the outer layer of the skin. 

Much like the undertone, the outer tone can add color to the finalized and healed pigment of the tattoo from above the targeted area. If your skin produces high levels of melanin in the upper part of the dermis and the epidermis, then this can have a dramatic effect on the final healed color. This could also contribute to obscuring the tattoo pigment completely. Clients with weaker undertones and outer tones are encouraged to take up microblading and permanent makeup shading as opposed to those with stronger tones. 

Pigment Fixation

Oftentimes, clients will find themselves perplexed when their permanent makeup artist applies a shade of tattoo pigment that does not necessarily match their hair or skin color. As alarming as this may seem, there’s no need to fret. The reason behind this is due to the fact that the final healed tattoo color will be slightly altered and the goal is to make the final color match and compliment the complexion. 

At first, the tattoo pigment will look rather bold. Within a few hours to a few days, the pigment may become obscured or look patchy due to swelling and immune cells attempting to break down the color. After approximately two weeks, the color should begin to settle as the concentration of immune cells decreases. 

Classifying Warm and Cool Tones of Color 

The application of permanent and semi-permanent tattoo pigments often depend on the warm and cool tones of the skin. Cool tones usually consist of pink or ruddy hues. Warm hues refer to when the skin is predominantly yellow, sallow, peachy, or golden. Neutral tones are defined as pink or sallow skin, although the skin’s natural color is more evident. 

If your skin tans easily and rarely burns, it’s likely that your skin is predominantly warm and neutral with undertones. If your skin is rather fair, especially if your veins appear to bluish or deep purple, then you most likely fall into the cool-toned spectrum. These tones are important to understand when applying pigments to ensure that the healed color compliments the natural tones of your skin’s color. 

Choose Ana Square for the Highest Quality of Pigmentation and Permanent Makeup 

Ana Square provides the highest level of consideration by assessing your goals and skin tone as well as offering ways in which permanent makeup can complement your overall complexion. If you want to reap the benefits of tattooed makeup, Ana Square is more than honored to assist you! Learn more about how we can help by contacting us today.

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